Volume 17, Issue 4 (ٌWinter 2023)                   jmed 2023, 17(4): 242-254 | Back to browse issues page

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Esmaili Vardanjani F, Shojaaddini Ardakani T, Bitaraf M, Shadmani Dastjerdi S, Marvastinia G. Comparison of the Effect of two E-learning Methods, Problem Solving and Examination Question on Awareness; Attitude and Performance of Islamic Azad University –Maybod branch Nursing and Midwifery Students Regarding Hospital Infection Control in 2022. jmed 2023; 17 (4) :242-254
URL: http://jmed.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1348-en.html
Faculty Member, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Department of Midwifery, Maybod Islamic Azad University, Maybod, Iran , Tshojaaldini@gmail.com
Abstract:   (348 Views)
Introduction: Hospital infections are one of the most common health problems which can be controled by education. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two e-learning methods (problem solving and examination of question) on awareness; Attitude and performance of Islamic Azad University–Maybod branch nursing and midwifery students regarding hospital infection control in 2022.
Methods: The current study was a semi experimental in which 36 Islamic Azad University–Maybod branch nursing and midwifery students were randomly Probability Proportional to Size assigned to intervention(problem solving, examination question) and control groups (N=12) based on the entry and exit criteria using probability proportional to size method.  Education based on hospital infections booklet was assigned. Before and after the intervention, students’ knowledge, attitude and performance scores were evaluated using a standared questionnaire (alpha=0/82). The distribution of quantitative variables was done using the Kolmograph Smirnov test and parametric statistical tests (t_test/pair t_test/one way anova t test) considering the significance level of 0.05.
Results: Comparing the scores of awareness (p=0.993), attitude (p=0.997) and performance (p=0.998) in the intervention groups; there is no significant difference and it means the same effect of two educational methods. Teaching two methods of problem solving – question and answer has no effect on improving students’ short-term attitude (p=0.172) and improving long-term performance scores (p=0.075). The effect of education in the two ways mentioned on improving awareness; Long-term attitude and short-term performance were significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion: e-learning in two ways of problem solving-examination question in increasing the average scores of knowledge; Attitude and performance have been equally effective.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical Education
Received: 2022/08/13 | Accepted: 2022/12/6 | Published: 2023/03/5

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