Volume 13, Issue 1 (spring 2018)                   jmed 2018, 13(1): 42-57 | Back to browse issues page

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1. PhD Student, University of Semnan, Semnan. Iran , ahkimi.sorayya@semnan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6959 Views)
Introduction: Evaluation of relationships among effective factors on educational issues of medical students is important. The aim of this study was to determine the structural relationships among subjective well-being, self-efficacy and social support with emotional exhaustion by mediating academic engagement.
Methods: The study sample consisted of 310 medical students (142 females and 168 males) who were 24 to 47 years old according to cluster random sampling. Participants completed subjective well-being questionnaires including; life satisfaction, positive affect and negative, emotional exhaustion, academic engagement, self-efficacy and social support. Data were analyzed by path analysis using LISREL software.
Result: Mean age of participants was 23.2±2.0. Most students were female (71.8 percent), single (85.9 percent) and live in dormitories (69 percent). Level of motivation in most subjects was average and had significant relation with age, sex, parents’ education level, field of study, welfare, faculty education, Training centers and job future (p <0.001).
Conclusion: The results showed that emotional exhaustion has a structural effect on well-being, directly. Also, emotional exhaustion has a mediator role in relation between social support and well-being. In addition, self-efficacy and social support have direct effects on academic engagement and emotional exhaustion. On the other hand, academic engagement has a mediator role between these two variables and emotional exhaustion.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, social support, subjective well-being, emotional exhaustion, academic engagement.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/11/28 | Accepted: 2018/04/11 | Published: 2018/05/22

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